HONG KONG: Shares of HSBC Holdings plc (Hong Kong) (HKG:0005) last traded at 75.5, representing a move of 0.67%, or 0.5 per share, on volume of 11.28 million shares. After opening the trading day at 74.8, shares of HSBC Holdings plc (Hong Kong) traded in a close range. HSBC Holdings plc (Hong Kong) currently has a total float of 20.44 billion shares and on average sees 26.51 million shares exchange hands each day. The stock now has a 52-week low of 55.3 and high of 79.55.
Hang Seng Index (HSI) is the primary index of equities listed on the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong (SEHK). The index is market capitalization-weighted and float adjusted. As such, it records and monitors the changes of the largest Hong Kong companies. For investors HSI is the main indictor of the performance of Hong Kong stocks. Stocks of HSBC Holdings plc (Hong Kong) company can also be found in HSI. As a free float adjusted index, HSI excludes restricted shares held by company insiders and other strategic investors such as government and venture capitalists because these holdings tend to be inactive. Instead, HSI tracks the performance of stocks freely available for trade. HSI has 50 constitutes whose combined market cap equates to about 60% of all stocks listed on SEHK. Experts check all stocks from HSBC Holdings plc (Hong Kong). The components of the index are classified under four sectors, sometimes called sub-indexes, for clarity. Sectors in the index include Energy, Material, Utilities and Financials. Energy is the largest sector in the index.
Candidate stock for inclusion in the index must belong to the group of stocks that make top 90% of total market value of common shares. Additionally, the stock must belong to the group that comprises 90% of the total turnover on SEHK. Though HSI requires that a company should have a listing history of at least 24 months before it can be considered for inclusion in the benchmark index, there are exceptions. For instance, a new stock can be added to the index after only three months if it meets certain strict requirements. Financial performance, stock liquidity and representation of sectors also determine whether or not a stock can be added to the index. Liquidity of HSBC Holdings plc (Hong Kong) allows it to be a part of HIS.
HSI is rebalanced quarterly where constituents that fall short of the listing requirements are dropped and eligible constitutes are added. The index is also updated to take care of rights issue, which usually impacts the market capitalization of its components. The index is operated by a unit of Hang Seng Bank called Hang Seng Indexes Company. Hang Seng Bank is a publicly traded company on SEHK and it is one of the largest by market cap. HSI was first published on November 24, 1969. However, the index was established years earlier with a base value of 100 points, representing the total value of Hong Kong stocks as of close of market on July 31, 1964. The index sank to its lifetime low of 58.61 points in August 1967. HSI hit the 10,000-point milestone for the first time in December 1993 and notched the 20,000-point milestone in December 2006. The index reached a lifetime high of 31638.22 points in October 2007.