KABUL: According to the Ag Ministry of Kazakhstan, the country made Uzbekistan reduce a prohibitive excise tax on Kazakh flour from 15% in 2011 to 0% as of September 1, 2017. In addition, the Ag Ministry of Kazakhstan reports that Afghanistan cut the import duty on Kazakh wheat and flour to 5% in April 2018. Moreover, the wheat import duty was slashed to 2.5% for Afghan millers processing Kazakh wheat into flour.
In addition, 20% to 40% discounts were granted for shipments of Kazakh grain and flour across Uzbekistan. This made their transportation through Uzbekistan quite competitive.
Previously, Kazakh millers expressed concern about artificial flour price cuts in the neighboring Uzbekistan. They believed that Afghanistan